The Dajjaal will emerge from the direction of the east, from Khurasaan, from among the Jews of Isfahaan. Then he will travel throughout the earth and will leave no city without entering it, apart from Makkah and Madeenah, which he will not be able to enter because the angels are guarding them.
According to the hadeeth of Faatimah bint Qays (رضي الله عنها), the Prophet (ﷺ) said concerning the Dajjaal:
“He will (emerge) from the direction of the Syrian sea or from the direction of the Yemeni sea… No, rather from the east…” and he pointed towards the east.
(Muslim, no. 5228).
Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq (رضي الله عنه) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) told us:
“The Dajjaal will emerge from a land in the east called Khurasaan.”
(Tirmidhi, no. 2163. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani, Saheeh al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer, hadeeth 3398)
Anas (رضي الله عنه) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said:
‘The Dajjaal will emerge from among the Jews of Isfahaan, and with him will be seventy thousand Jews, wearing crowns.’”
(Ahmad, no. 12865).
Places which the Dajjaal will never enter
It is forbidden for the Dajjaal to enter Makkah or Madeenah when he emerges at the end of time, because of the saheeh ahaadeeth narrated to that effect. As far as other places are concerned, he will enter them one after another.
In the hadeeth of Faatimah bint Qays (رضي الله عنها), it says: “I almost have permission to emerge. Then I will emerge and will travel throughout the earth for forty days, and I shall not leave any town without entering it, apart from Makkah and Madeenah, which I will be prevented from entering because every time I try to enter, there will be an angel with an unsheathed sword in his hand, preventing me from entering. On every gate there will be angels defending them.’
(Muslim, no. 5228)
It was also reported that the Dajjaal will not enter the mosque of Sinai, or Masjid al-Aqsaa (at Jerusalem). Imaam Ahmad (رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ) narrated that Junaadah ibn Umayyah al-Azdi said:
“I came to a man from among the Companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) and said to him, ‘Tell me a hadeeth that you heard from the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) about the Dajjaal.’ He mentioned the hadeeth, and said, ‘He will stay among you for forty days, during which he will go to every place (on the earth) apart from four mosques: Masjid al-Haraam (in Makkah), the mosque of Madeenah, the (mosque of) Sinai and Masjid al-Aqsaa.’